International Journal of Recent Trends in Engineering & Research

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  • Ethics Policy

    The chief goal of our policy is threefold: to provide advice for our authors, to maintain the scholarly integrity of our journals and their content, and to detail the ethical responsibilities of Palgrave Macmillan, our editors and authors.

    We expect all authors to read and understand our ethics policy before submitting to any of our journals. This is in accordance with our commitment to the prevention of ethical misconduct, which we recognise to be a growing problem in academic and professional publications. It is important to note that most incidents of plagiarism, redundant publication, copyright infringement or similar occur because of a lack of understanding, and not through fraudulent intent. Our policy is one of prevention and not persecution.

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    • Ensure that all researched work submitted is original, fully referenced and that all authors are represented accurately. The submission must be exclusive and not under consideration elsewhere.

    • Provide accurate contact details for a designated corresponding author, who shall be deemed by the publisher and editor as fully responsible for the authorship of the paper and all communications concerning the ethical status and originality of the paper. This includes any queries or investigations that may arise, pre- or post publication.

    • Openly disclose the source of all data and third party material, including previously unpublished work by the authors themselves. Anything that could compromise the originality of the submission should be expressly avoided and/or discussed with the editorial office in the first instance.

    • Identify any third party material that they intend to include in their article, and obtain written permission for re-use in each instance from the relevant copyright holders. Such permissions should be submitted once the manuscript is accepted, or requires small changes to be accepted. For further guidance on seeking permission to use 3rd party material please see the Rights and Permissions section.

    • Openly disclose any conflict of interest – for example, if publication were to benefit a company or services in which the author(s) has a vested interest.

    • Expect to sign a copyright assignment form on acceptance of their work, which will assume that the author is empowered to assign copyright to the publisher.

    • Fully correspond and comply with the editor and publisher in any requests for source data, proof of authorship or originality in a timely manner, providing reasonable explanation for discrepancies or failures to disclose vital information.

    • Fully co-operate with any consequent investigations if the editor and/or publisher are dissatisfied with the evidence available or the explanations provided.

    • Expect transparency, efficiency and respect from the publisher and the editor during the submissions process.

    • Remain in good communication with both the publisher and the editor.

    • When necessary, submit corrigenda in a timely and responsible fashion.

    • Co-operate fully with the publication of errata and with the retraction of articles found to be unethical, misleading or damaging.

    • Remain in good communication with the editor(s), the publisher and any co-authors.

    • Adhere to policy of confidential peer review of journal. This includes, but is not restricted to, keeping their identity hidden from authors and not externally distributing any work that is passed to them for their eyes only.

    • Only accept invitations to review work that is relevant to their own expertise and speciality.

    • Review submitted work in a responsible, impartial and timely manner.

    • Report any suspected ethical misconduct as part of a thorough and honest review of the work.

    • Avoid the use of unnecessarily inflammatory or offensive language in their appraisal of the work.

    • Accept the commitment to review future versions of the work and provide ‘follow up’ advice to the editor(s), if requested.

    • Seek advice from the editor if anything is unclear at the time of invitation.

    • Remain in good communication with both the publisher and the editor.

    If ethical misconduct is suspected in work submitted to any of our journals, Palgrave Macmillan works closely with the editor(s) to ensure that a fair and transparent investigation of the matter is carried out.

    We take all instances of misconduct very seriously and will investigate each with care and attention, providing full support to the editor. Consequences for misconduct are as varied as the misconduct itself, and are determined on a case-by-case basis. In all cases, the author will be given the opportunity to provide an explanation for the misconduct. An editorial decision will only be made once the investigation is completed.

    In most cases, we accept that the incorrect use of third party material is frequently a result of human error, or a misunderstanding of publication ethics. This is why we actively encourage authors to read our ethics policy and guidance on using third party material before submitting, to avoid these mistakes. In those cases where more serious misconduct is detected, consequences are proportionately more serious. Journal reserves all the rightsto request any and all information from the author concerning the creation of the work, to verify its originality.If no such evidence is provided or no satisfactory explanation given, then article may be removed from published part. If you have any further questions concerning these matters, we would encourage you to familiarise yourself with COPE’s website as well as our suggested further reading below. Alternatively, you can email



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